Primate Time Line
First Anthropoids Developed about 55 Million Years Ago
The oldest Known Hominid developed before 12 million Year Ago

Home  --  Glossary of Epochs

My Fossil pages are for information about the primates that are possibly in the Human (Homo Sapien Sapien) line of descent.   If there is dispute then as a minimum I hope this is entertaining.  Highly recommended - This place will fill your brain. - Not enough, then try this one it is more specific about us.

Paleontologist believe our first ancestor was the Ardipithecus ramidus followed by Australopithecus anamensis, Australopithecus afarensis, Australopithecus africanus, Homo rudolfensis, Homo ergaster, Homo Heidelbergensis, and finally Homo Sapiens, leading to Homo Sapiens Sapiens (that's us folks previously called "Cro Magnon" and I still do).

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55 myr: New Fossils Push [mammal] Evolution Back 8 Million Years: First thought to start at 47 Myr, If dinos died off at 65 Myr then we are still missing 10 Myr of mammal evolution. Primate Timeline listed by types

 • Human evolutionary genetics

-- Hominini: --

• Sahelanthropus tchadensis
• Orrorin tugenensis
• Ardipithecus

-- Australopithecines: --

-- Australopithecus:

• Australopithecus anamensis
• Australopithecus afarensis
• Australopithecus bahrelghazali
• Australopithecus africanus
• Australopithecus garhi

-- Paranthropus: --

• Paranthropus aethiopicus
• Paranthropus boisei
• Paranthropus robustus

-- Humans and Proto-humans --

Homo Naledi ?

• Kenyanthropus platyops

• Homo habilis
• Homo rudolfensis
• Homo georgicus
• Homo ergaster

• Homo erectus (Homo e. lantianensis
• Homo erectus palaeojavanicus
• Homo erectus pekinensis
• Homo erectus soloensis)

• Homo cepranensis
• Homo antecessor
• Homo heidelbergensis
• Homo neanderthalensis
• Homo rhodesiensis
• Homo floresiensis

• Homo sapien idaltu
• Homo sapien sapiens
13 Myr 13-Million-Year-Old Skull May Represent Human Ancestor
12 Myr: Genetic Study Chimps & Humans Split Earlier - 6/17/14
12 Myr: New Hominid 12 Million Years Old - Then 43 Myr later a hominid is found in the archeology record.
11 Myr: Scientists have discovered Pliopithecus canmatensis
7.2 Myr: Pre-Humans found in Balkins - 5/23/17
7-6 Myr: Sahelanthropus tchadensis
6.2 - 5.8 Myr: Orrorin Tugenenis: 
This is the point where human ancestors seperated from apes and chimps based on calculated DNA.
Fifth Geological epoch
of the Cenozoic Era
The Pliocene Epoch occurred approximately 5.3-2.6 million years ago. The australopithecines and earliest humans evolved.
4.4 Myr: Ardipithecus Ramidus (Ardi) This Fossil is thought to be Oldest Human Ancestor found so dar
3.6 Myr: Australopithecus bahrelghazali
3.6 myr the Sadiman volcano, 20 km east of laetoli in Tanzania erupted; It widely deposited a thin layer of ash across the landscape which was slowly turned to mud by a slight rain.  Three Australopithecus afarensis left tracks in the soft ash, later hardened of course.
3.5 Myr: Kenyanthropus Platyops
3.5-1 Myr: East African Hominin Diet Studied
3.3 Myr: Human ancestors dwelled in trees longer than thought
3.3 Myr: Australopithecus afarensis baby The baby, lived before Lucy
3.2 Myr: Australopithecus afarensis Lucy The song Lucy in the sky with diamonds was popular when she was found, so Lucy
3-2.4 Myr: Australopithecus Africanus
2.7-2.5 Myr: Australopithecus aethiopicus
2.5-1 Myr: Paranthropus robustus (AKA Australopithicus_Robustus)
some confusion of types not yet resolved.
2.5 Myr Homo Naledi
2.5-1.7 Myr Homo ergaster is an extinct chronospecies of Homo
2.4 - 1.8: Myr Homo Rudolfensis
2.33 - 1.44 Myr: Homo Habilis found in the Hymilayas - Frozen  (First larger brain)
2.3-1.2 Myr: Australopithecus aethiopicus AKA Paraustralopithecus aethiopicus AKA
Australopithecus boisei AKA Paranthropus Boisei
2 Myr: New pre-human species offers evolutionary clues
2-1.98 Myr: Australopithecus sediba
1.95-1.78 Myr Flat-Faced Early Humans Confirmed to have Lived Among Other Human Species - this group is yet to be named
1.89 Myr-143 Kyr Homo Erectus Invented "Modern" Living???
1.81 Myr Homo georgicus is a new species of Homo - First in Europe
1.2 Myr - 800 Kyr Homo Antecessor
800 Kyr Europe's oldest footprints uncovered on English coast
780-680 Kyr Peking Man
600-400 Kyr Homo Heidelbergensis "Heidelberg Man"
600-350 Kyr Homo Neanderthalensis Family
470-220 Kyr New Thoughts on Neanderthal, Modern Human Interbreeding
300 kyr World’s oldest Homo sapiens fossils found in Morocco  Looking at the pic of this fossil with it's high brow ridges and it long back of skull and it has no chin it don't look Homo Sapien, it looks more Neanderthal or Denisovan.  
300 Kyr Holsteinian, period -- The 300,000 year old Lower Paleolithic site Schöningen 13 II-4 became world famous with the discovery of the oldest well-preserved and complete wooden spears.  Saber cats fossil found in same layer  
300-177 Kyr Israeli Archaeologists Find Oldest Human Remains Out of Africa, From Nearly 200,000 Years Ago. 
The discovery of a prehistoric human jawbone in a cave near Haifa pushes back the clock on the evolution of Homo sapiens and our ancestors’ first exodus out of Africa.  
Until recently, most scholars would have agreed that modern Homo sapiens first appeared some 200,000 years ago
in East Africa, based on remains found at Omo, Ethiopia, during the 1960s and ’70s.


170-80 kyr Swiss army knife of prehistoric tools:  Found in the Guanyindong cave in China's Guizhou Provence.  Known as the Levallois cores.  These tools were though to first appear just 30,000-40,000 ago in East Asia.  
74 Kyr Sites in South Africa Linked to Era of Super Volcano -- BBC News report, an international team of researchers has found evidence of human activity on the southern coast of South Africa, both before and after the cataclysmic eruption of Indonesia’s Mount Toba some 74,000 years ago. Both sites, one at a rock shelter and one in the open air on a beach, yielded shards of volcanic glass chemically fingerprinted to Mount Toba, which is located nearly 5,600 miles away. The scientists also found deposits of seashells from food preparation and stone flakes from toolmaking, and say the population of the groups that used these sites may have actually increased after the volcanic event, since they found an increase in the number of shells and stone flakes. It has been suggested that the eruption would have wiped out much of the global human population, but these coastal populations may have thrived after the ecological devastation, since they relied upon the sea for food.

“We’re the first ones to really address the question of the Toba hypothesis in Africa,” said Curtis W. Marean of Arizona State University. “It’s in Africa that it really counts, because that’s the source location of modern humans.” To read about another discovery in South Africa, go to “The First Spears.”

14,500-11,500 Kyr Mysterious Chinese Fossils May Be New Human Species  
14,500-11,500 Kyr Extinct Relative Had Sex with Humans Far and Wide  
Pre 7.5 Kyr BP Maghrebi origin of early south Iberian Neolithic  
874-939-940 Iceland Ice Cores Date Medieval Volcano  

kiloannum:  A word being used in a few scientific papers these days "kiloannum abbreviated (ka)" means 1000 years and is written as c. 55 Ka. 

BP is another "new" code and stands for Before Present and Present means a base date of 1950.   Current consensus is to use BP only when a date is derived using radiation dating procedures.  That is because since the development of the Atomic bomb and it's atmospheric testing, available atmospheric radiation has affected the radiation levels in certain material which requires special test procedures that take the unnatural excess into account. 

Without consinses on radiation procedures dating is total confusion.   Dates such as before Christ (BC) and Before Common Era (BCE) are synonymous and are still used the same as previous, in geology or anthropology the base date for BP is not significant or useful.

But, we still need a way to discuss humans and their ancestors as a separate group, so researchers have proposed a further breakdown of the Homininae subfamily, to include Hominini (humans and their close relatives), Panini (chimps), and Gorillini (gorillas).

So, roughly speaking, a Hominin is what we used to call a Hominid; a creature that paleoanthropologists have agreed is human or a human ancestor. These include all of the Homo species (Homo sapiens, H. ergaster, H. rudolfensis), all of the Australopithecines (Australopithecus africanus, A. boisei, etc.) and other ancient forms like Paranthropus and Ardipithecus.

 Glossary of Epochs

The Lower Paleolithic ca 2.5 million-200,000 years ago (or at least according to one permutation), and it was when the Hominid ancestors of human beings, including Australopithecus, Homo habilis, Homo erectus and Homo ergaster, roamed most of the earth and began making the first stone tools.

The Middle Paleolithic (ca 200,000 to 45,000 years ago) witnessed the evolution of Neanderthals and the first anatomically modern Homo sapiens sapiens, and some of the first glimmers of modern behaviors: sophisticated stone tools, caring for the elderly, hunting and gathering and some amount of symbolic or ritual behavior. 
Projectile points (used on spears or atlatl darts) are known from earlier prehistory, dating to the Middle Paleolithic.

The Upper Paleolithic (ca 45,000-10,000 years ago), the Neanderthals were in decline, and by 30,000 BC, they were gone. Modern humans spread all over the planet. The LSA is characterized by fully modern behaviors such as cave art, hunting, and making a wide range of tools in stone, bone, ivory and antler. 
The bow and arrow are known to have been invented by the end of the Upper Paleolithic.

The Mesolithic (or "middle stone") period (12,000-7000 years ago) is traditionally that time period in the Old World between the last glaciation at the end of the Paleolithic and the beginning of the Neolithic, when farming communities began to be established.   During the first three thousand years of what scholars recognize as the Mesolithic, a period of climatic instability made life very interesting in Europe, with gradual warming abruptly switching to 1200 years of very cold dry weather called the Younger Dryas.   By 9000 BC, the climate had stabilized to close to what it is today.

The Neolithic period beginning 10,000 years ago beginning in the Middle East:  Neolithic as a notion is based on an idea of an Old Stone Age (Paleolithic) and New Stone Age (Neolithic).   The definition of Neolithic is now seen as a "package" of characteristics such as groundstone tools, rectangular buildings, pottery, people living in settled villages and, most importantly, the production of food by developing a working relationship with animals and plants called domestication.

Quaternary Period, The
Covers the span of time from over one and a half million years ago to the present day.

The Pleistocene: 1.8 Million to 11,000 Years Ago

WEB Links

-- Dino News - Interesting
-- Mexico Timeline by the history Channel - Interesting site  - This place will fill your brain.  -  If that is not enough try here.  List from (Darwinius Masillae) Ida to us.   The oldest known primate ever found it is 45 million years old, found in Germany, even the imprint of the skin was preserved.

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