There are four basic groups that can be identified by DNA.
Native American: Populations that migrated from Asia to inhabit North,
South and Central America.
European: European, Middle Eastern and South Asian populations from
the Indian subcontinent, including India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
East Asian: Japanese, Chinese, Mongolian, Koreans, Southeast Asians
and Pacific Islanders, including populations native to the
African: Populations from Sub-Saharan Africa such as Nigeria and Congo
To find a lot about DNA and how it works to ID us go to
patient the web site is not as organized as it once was.
Ancestry By DNA (see genetree.com) can be used to determine the
percentage of DNA a person has from each four groups, the test
examines 175 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs). These 175 SNPs
have been selected based on their bio-geographic polymorphism
patterns, and are referred to as Ancestry Informative Markers (AIMs).
The alleles found at these marker locations show very high specificity
for people from particular populations, ethnicity and/or geographical
The mtDNA Haplogroups:
a) mtDNA macro-lineage L is predominant in Africa, L1, L2, and L3 -
Found in Sub-Saharan African lineages.
b) mt-DNA macro-lineages M and N are found throughout Eurasia and
c) mtDNA lineages H, I , J, K, T, N, U, V, W and X are predominant in
West Eurasia. mtDNA lineages H, I, J, K, T, U, V, W and X - Found in nearly all
lineages from Europe, North African and Western Asian Caucasians.
d) mtDNA lineages A, B, C, D, E, F, G, M, P, Q and Z are predominant
in Asia and Oceania, and
e) mtDNA lineages A, B, C, D, and X are found in the Americas.
An individual that has a very old DNA lineage can usually be
identified to a continental region such as Western Europe. Younger
lineages can be identified to more specific regions, such as Southwest
North America. Very young Y-chromosome lineages could provide even
more detailed, population specific information.
B, E: are found in Sub-Saharan African lineages.
E, G, H, I, J, and R are found in lineages from Europe, Middle East,
and Western Asia.
C, D, N, O, Q, and R are found in the Asian populations.
P, Q, and F are found in Native American lineages.
NOTE: Some Haplogroups are present in both Europe and Asia, but can
often be sub-divided into European or Asian specific lineages.